Yuri Chernozhuk, Irina Uzun. Emotional Intelligence of Future Teachers with Different Levels of Anxiety.

(2020) Science and education, 2, 44-50. Odessa.

Yuri Chernozhuk,
associate professor,
Department of General and Differential Psychology,
Irina Uzun,
master student,
Department of General and Differential Psychology,
The State institution “South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University
named after K. D. Ushynsky”,
26, Staroportofrankivska, Odessa, Ukraine


EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF FUTURE TEACHERS WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF ANXIETY


SUMMARY:

The article presents the results of a theoretical and empirical research aimed at studying the individual psychological characteristics of emotional intelligence of future teachers with different levels of personal anxiety. In the given publication еmotional intelligence is understood as a personality’s ability to realize its own emotions, to understand their causes, to control them, as well as to understand the emotional sphere of other people, to control their emotions. Anxiety in our study is interpreted as a negative emotional experience associated with a premonition of danger. The study involved students from different faculties of the State Institution “South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K.D. Ushynsky” (52 persons). Correlation analysis has shown that the relationships between emotional intelligence and anxiety parameters have only a negative character. Qualitative analysis allowed to study the individual-typical features of emotional intelligence of future teachers with different levels of personal anxiety. Two groups of subjects – "low-anxiety" persons and "high-anxiety" persons has been established to conduct this analysis (with the help of the "aces" method). Determination of statistically significant differences by Student's t-test showed the advantage of "low-anxiety" persons for most parameters of emotional intelligence (p<​​​​​​​0.005 and 0.01). It turned out that they have a better ability to understand and verbally describe their emotions, recognize them, understand their causes, control them. They are better able to cause and maintain the desired emotions, control unwanted, control the external manifestations of emotions. "Low-anxiety" persons better understand other people's emotions and manage them more successfully, analyze the emotional states of other people by external manifestations (facial expressions, gestures, sound of the voice). They are more sensitive to the internal states of others, are able to evoke certain emotions in them, reduce the intensity of unwanted emotions and may be prone to manipulating people. The obtained results can be used to create emotional intelligence training, as well as in the process of professional selection of teachers. ​


KEYWORDS:

emotional intelligence, anxiety, future teachers, low-anxiety persons, high-anxiety persons.


FULL TEXT:

 


REFERENCES:

1. Lyusyn, D. V. (2005). Oprosnik emotsionalnogo intellekta [Emotional intelligence questionnaire]. Moscow: Eminem [in Russian].
2. Lyashch, O. P. (2013) Emotsiinyi intelekt yak predmet psikhologichnykh doslidzhen [Emotional intelligence as a subject of psychological research] Problemy suchasnoi psykholohii – Problems of modern psychology (Vol. 22) [in Ukrainian].
3. Nosenko, E. L., Kovryga, N. V. (2003) Emotsiynyi intelekt: kontseptualizatsiia fenomenu, osnovni funktsii [Emotional intelligence: conceptualization of the phenomenon, basic functions]. Kyiv: Vyshcha shkola [in Ukrainian].
4. Chebykin, O. Ya. (2020). Emotsіinyi іntelekt, yogo pіznavalno-myslennevі oznaky ta funktsіi [Emotional intelligence, its cognitive and mental features and functions]. Nauka і osvіta – Science and Education, 1, 19-28 [in English].
5. Bar-On, R. (2000). Emotional and social intelligence: Insights from the Emotional Quotient Inventory. Handbook of emotional intelligence. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass [in English].
6. Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence. New York: Basic Books [in English].
7. Goleman, D. (1997). Emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books. [in English].
8. Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1990) Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9 [in English].

         

       
   
   
         

 

©2020 Університет Ушинського. Всі права захищені, мабуть.