Yurii Cheban, Viktor Plokhikh. Emotional and Volitional Component of Competitive Attitude of Rowing Athletes.

(2020) Science and education, 2, 22-31. Odessa.

Yurii Cheban,
PhD student,
Department of Theory and Methods of Practical Psychology,
Viktor Plokhikh,
Doctor of Psychology, professor,
Department of Developmental Psychology and Social Communications,
The State institution “South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky”
26, Staroportofrankivska Str., Odessa, Ukraine



High achievements in modern sports are associated with the development of the emotional and volitional sphere of athletes, with their abilities for effective self-regulation of functional states and actions. The theoretical basis of the study is the provisions of the attitude theory, the concept of system organization and self-regulation of the process of activity, the differential psychology of emotions, the concept of basal and system volitional qualities. The competitive attitude of rowing athletes is considered as an attitude for self-mobilization and stabilization of highly coordinated, powerful rowing actions. The purpose of the study is to determine the structure, relations, symbolic and significant forms of strengthening the emotional and volitional component of the competitive attitude of rowing athletes. The following methods were used to determine the values of indicators in the empirical study: natural experiment (indicator of overcoming exhaustion); analysis of performance (sports qualifications); test psychodiagnostics of emotional stability, worry, conscientiousness, courage, self-control (16 Personality Factors Questionnaire of Raymond Cattell); achievement motivation (test of T. Ehlers); frequency of manifestation of basal emotions (T. Dembo technique); questioning (frequency of using mental resources). A subgroup of 18 people was selected in the group of subjects using cluster analysis who have a high level of development of volitional qualities, with a preference for a positive emotional background of vital activity, with relatively higher (Mann-Whitney U-test) sports achievements, evaluated by indicators of sports qualifications (U=96.5; p=.003) and the ability to overcome exhaustion (U=101.0; p=.005). A higher, in comparison with other subjects, expressiveness of achievement motivation (U=90.5; p=.002), conscientiousness (U=35.0; p<.001), cheerfulness the opposite of worry (U=43.0; p<.001), courage (U=111.5; p=.011), self-control (U=95.5; p=.003), emotional balance (U=110.5; p=.011), experiences of pleasure (U=117.5; p=.014) were observed in this subgroup. The analysis of the study results allows to conclude that the emotional and volitional component of the competitive attitude of rowing athletes functionally aimed at mobilizing and stabilizing highly coordinated, powerful rowing actions, in its structure relies on developed systemic qualities of conscientiousness and cheerfulness associated with manifestations of courage, self-control, patience, energy, with expressed preferences for a positive emotional background of vital activity. The implementation of the emotional and volitional component is directly related to the motivation of achievements and the energy strengthening of the oared process. The competitive success of rowing athletes is increased by using mental resources (verbal formulas, figurative constructs) for self-mobilization


 basal emotions, basal volitional qualities, systemic volitional qualities, mental resource, attitude, selfmobilization, actions of rowing athlete.




1. Gorbunov, G. D. (2012). Psikhopedagogika sporta [Psychopedagogy of sport]. Moscow: Sovetskii sport [in Russian].
2. Gould, D., Flett, M. R., & Bean, E. (2017). Mentalnaya podgotovka k trenirovke i sorevnovaniyu. Glava 6 iz knigi «Sportivnaya psikhologiya» [Mental preparation for training and competition. Chapter 6 of the book “Sports Psychology”]. B. V. Brewer (Eds.). Mir sporta – World of Sports, 67(2), 65-71 [in Russian].
3. Zaichenko, O. S. (2016). Osobennosti psikhologicheskoi gotovnosti u sportsmenov po greble na baidarkakh i kanoe [Features of psychological readiness of athletes in kayaking and canoeing]. Sportivnyiy psiholog – Sports psychologist, 40(1), 49-54 [in Russian].
4. Kalin, V. K. (2011). Psikhologiya voli [Psychology of will]. Simferopol [in Russian].
5. Klimchuk, V. O. (2016). Posttravmatichne zrostannia ta yak mozhna iomu spriiaty u psikhoterapіi [Post-traumatic growth and how it can be promoted in psychotherapy]. Nauka i osvita – Science and Education, 5, 46-52 [in Ukrainian].
6. Melnichuk, S. K. (2017). Psikhologіchnі osoblivostі stanovlennia vydіv upevnenostі v sobі u yunatskomu vіtsі [Psychological features of the formation of types of self-confidence in adolescence]. Nauka i osvita – Science and Education, 9, 42-47 [in Ukrainian].
7. Miroshnichenko, O. (2018). Rol psihologіchnoi gotovnostі osobistostі v adaptatscіi do ekstremalnykh umov zhittedіialnostі [The role of psychological readiness of the individual in adaptation to extreme living conditions]. Nauka i osvita – Science and Education, 7-8, 77- 82 [in Ukrainian].
8. Prokhorov, A. O. (2017). Tehnologii psikhicheskoy samoreguliatsii [Technologies of mental selfregulation]. Kharkov: Gumanitarny centr [in Russian].
9. Sopov, V. F. (2016). Struktura i soderzhanie psikhologicheskogo obespecheniya podgotovki vysokokvalifitsirovannykh sportsmenov [Structure and content of psychological support of highly qualified sportsmen training]. Sportivnyiy psiholog – Sport psychologist, 40 (1), 37-40 [in Russian].
10. Cheban, Yu. V. (2018). Uroven razvitiia bazovykh volevykh kachestv vysokokvalifitsirovannykh sportsmenov-grebtsov [The level of development of the basic volitional qualities of highly qualified rowing athletes]. Nauka і osvіta – Science and education, 9-10, 72- 77 [in Russian]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24195/2414- 4665-2018-9-10-10.
11. Ekman, P. (2012). Psikhologiia emotsii. Ya znayu, chto ty chuvstvuesh [Psychology of emotions. I know what you feel]. (2d ed.). Saint Petersburg: Piter [in Russian].
12. Alekrinskis, A., Bulotienė, D. & Dagytė, R. (2019). Peculiarities of pre-competition emotional state of the Lithuanian national kayak and canoe rowing team members and junior kayakers and canoeists. Sporto mokslas – Sport Science, 95(1), 12-17 [in English]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15823/sm.2019.95.2.
13. Bohuslavska, V., Furman, Yu., Pityn, M., Galan, Ya., & Nakonechnyi, I. (2017). Improvement of the physical preparedness of canoe oarsmen by applying different modes of training loads. Journal of Physical Education and Sport,17(2), 797-803 [in English]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2017.02121.
14. Cheban, Yu., Chebykin, O., Plokhikh, V., & Massanov, A. (2020). Mental resources for the selfmobilization of rowing athletes. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20 (3), 1580-1589 [in English]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.03216.
15. Das, A., Mandal, M., Majumdar, P., & Syamal, A. K. (2019). Morpho-physiological profile and 2K performance of Indian elite rowers. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19 (3), 1630-1635 [in English]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2019.03236.
16. Kolumbet, A. N. (2017). Dynamic of kayak rowing technique in the process of competition activity. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 21(4), 175-179 [in English]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2017.0405.
17. Miarka, B., Bello, F. D., Brito, C. J., Vaz, M., & Vecchio, F. B. (2018). Biomechanics of rowing: kinematic, kinetic and electromyographic aspects. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18(1), 193-202 [in English]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2018.01025.
18. Shydelko, A. V. (2017). Emotional Stability of an Individual: Research Into the Topic. Nauka i osvita – Science and Education, 2, 85-89 [in English].
19. Siekanska, M., & Wojtowicz, A. (2020). Impulsive athlete as a self-regulated learner. Can self-confidence and a positive social attitude change a developmental inhibitor into a growth catalyst? Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20 (2), 623-629[in English]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.02091.
20. Strykalenko, Y., Shalar, O., Huzar, V., Andrieieva, R., Zhosan, I., & Bazylyev, S. (2019). Influence of the maximum force indicators on the efficiency of passing the distance in academic rowing. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19 (3), 1507-1512 [in English]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2019.03218.
21. Wallace, P. J., McKinlay, B. J., Coletta, N. A., Vlaar, J. I., Taber, M. J., Wilson, P. M., & Cheung, S. S. (2017). Effects of Motivational Self-Talk on Endurance and Cognitive Performance in the Heat. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 49(1), 191-199 [in English].
22. Zainuddin, F. L., Zahiran, A., Umar, M. A., Shaharudin, S., & Razman, R. M. (2019). Changes in lower limb kinematics coordination during 2000m ergometer rowing among male junior national rowers. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19 (3), 1656-1662 [in English]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2019.03240.
23. Zharmenov, D., Khaustov, S., & Grenaderova, M. (2019). Scientific rationale for the use of special physical exercises to optimize the prelaunch conditions of highly skilled Rowers in kayak and canoes. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19(3), 1690-1694 [in English]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2019.03246.




©2021 Університет Ушинського. Всі права захищені, мабуть.