Svetlana Prokofieva-Akopova. Pregnancy as a Factor of Emotional Instability of Women.

(2020) Science and education, 3, 33-38. Odessa.

Svetlana Prokofieva-Akopova,
PhD (Candidate of Psychological Sciences), assistant professor,
Department of Family and Special Pedagogy and Psychology,
State institution “South Ukrainian National Pedagogical
University named after K. D. Ushynsky”,
26, Staroportofrankivska Str., Odessa, Ukraine



The article substantiates the relevance of the study of negative emotional states, emotional reactions and stress during pregnancy as an important and difficult period in the life of women of reproductive age. The features of psychoemotional changes in women regarding the fetal development have been highlighted and the most common emotional states of pregnant women have been identified. The aim of the study was to study the emotional sphere of women during pregnancy as the early motherhood period and to develop a comprehensive psychocorrectional program aimed at psycho-emotional and social adaptation of women during pregnancy and childbirth. Such research methods as diagnostic questionnaire of current state (situational, reactive anxiety), anxiety determination as a personality trait and also the study of probability and level of neuroticism were used. Testing was performed for the differential diagnosis of depressive states, for screening and diagnostics tests in mass studies and for the purpose of preliminary, pre-medical diagnostic. Based on the initial questionnaire, it was found that almost all surveyed women found that their emotional saturation of life became more turbulent and unpredictable. Further research has been found that reactive anxiety of pregnant women is expressed mainly at a low level (89,2%) and personal is at a high level (46,8%). It has been found that mostly all pregnant women have no depression (83,5%), that is, these women do not have a global ill-being and there are only some aspects of the negative manifestations. It has been investigated that the predominant level of neuroticism is average (87,3% of respondents). This is determined by the fact that not all women were sincere, because they have a strong attitude to optimism, calm state during childbirth and they are characterized by idealization of their state. Thus, the study convincingly showed that pregnancy has a certain effect on the psyche. Based on the results of the questionnaire, the recommendations for a psycho-correctional program for working with women during pregnancy have been developed.


 pregnancy, emotional states, stress, anxiety, fetal development, childbirth, psycho-emotional changes.




1. Abramchenko, V. V. (1992). Psihosomaticheskoe akusherstvo [Psychosomatic obstetrics]. Saint Peterburg: Sotis [in Russian].
2. Abramchenko, V. V. (1991). Sovremennyie metodyi podgotovki beremennyih k rodam [Modern methods of preparing pregnant women for childbirth]. Saint Peterburg: Sotis [in Russian].
3. Arhangelskiy, A. E. (1996). Nevrozyi, nevrozopodobnyie sostoyaniyai psihozyi pri beremennosti, v rodah i v rannem poslerodovom periode [Neuroses, neurosis-like states and psychosis during pregnancy, childbirth and the early postpartum period]. Kalendar psihoterapevta – Psychotherapists calendar, 1, 17–35 [in Russian].
4. Vasileva, O. S., & Mogilevskaya, E. V. (2001). Gruppovaya rabota s beremennyimi zhenschinami: sotsialno-psihologicheskiy aspekt [Group work with pregnant women: socio-psychological aspect]. Psihologicheskiy zhurnal – Psychological journal, 1 (22), 82–89 [in Russian].
5. Vilyunas, V. K. (1976). Psihologiya emotsionalnyih yavleniy [Psychology of emotional phenomena]. Moscow: Izdatelstvo Moskovskogo universiteta [in Russian].
6. Voronin, K. V, Akimova, K. B., & Rohachevskyi, O. P. (2000). Psykhoosobystisna kharakterystyka zhinok u okremi krytychni periody zhyttia [Psychopersonal characteristics of women in certain critical periods of life]. Visnyk assotsiatsii akusheriv-hinekolohiv Ukrainy – Bulletin of the Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Ukraine, 1, 31–35 [in Ukrainian].
7. Zaharov, A. I. (1997). Vliyanie emotsionalnogo stressa materi na techenie beremennosti i rodov [The effect of maternal emotional stress during pregnancy and childbirth]. Perinatalnaya psihologiya i rodovspomozhenie – Perinatal Psychology and Obstetrics: Proceedings of the conference (pp. 89–96). Saint Peterburg: SPbGU [in Russian].
8. Pap, A. H. (1977). Zdorovia maibutnoi dytyny [The health of the unborn child]. Kyiv: Zdorovia [in Ukrainian].
9. Popov, A. D. (2000). Adaptivnyie reaktsii pri beremennosti u zhenschin [Adaptive reactions during pregnancy in women]. Perm [in Russian].
10. Raygorodskiy, D. Ya. (Ed.) (1999). Prakticheskaya psihodiagnostika Metodiki i testyi [Practical psychodiagnostics. Techniques and tests]. Samara: BAHRAH [in Russian].
11. Selye, G. (2000). Stress bez distressa [Stress without distress]. Saint Peterburg: Rech [in Russian].
12. Spivak, L. I., Spivak, D. L., & Vistrand, K. R. (1994). Izmenennyie psihicheskie sostoyaniya pri fiziologicheskih rodah [Altered mental states during physiological childbirth]. Fiziologiya cheloveka – Human physiology, 4, 239–243 [in Russian].
13. Spok, B. (1997). Rebenok i uhod za nim [Child and caring for him] (N. Perova Trans). Minsk: Izdatelstvo OOO «Popurri» [in Russian].
14. Studenikin, M. Ya. (1982). Kniga o zdorove detey [Children's health book]. Moscow: Meditsina [in Russian].
15. Filippova, G. G. (2002). Psihologiya materinstva [Psychology of motherhood]. Moscow: Izdatelstvo Instituta Psihoterapii [in Russian].
16. Aylamazyan, E. K. (Ed.) (1996). Psihika i rodyi [Psyche and childbirth]. Saint Peterburg: Izd-vo SPbGU [in Russian].
17. Dick-Read Grantly (1984). Childbirth Without. Fear Helen Wessel, Harlan F. Ellis Harper & Row [in English]. 
18.Erikson Erik (1963). Childhood and Society (1950). W. W. Norton Company New York – London [in English].
19. Gellhorn Ernst, Loofbourrow G. N. (1963). Emotions & Emotional Disorders: A Neurophysiological Study. Hoeber Medical Division, Harper & Rowpublishers, New York, Evanston, and London [in English].
20. Grof Stanislav & Grof Christina (1985). Beyond the brain. Birth, death and transcendence in psychotherary. State University of New York Press [in English].
21.Izard Carroll Ellis (1977). Human Emotions. New York: Plenum press [in English].
22. Odent Michel Robert Fortuné (1984). Birth reborn. New York: Pantheon [in English].




©2021 Університет Ушинського. Всі права захищені, мабуть.