Oleksiy Chebykin. Emotional Intelligence, Its Cognitive and Mental Signs and Functions.

(2020) Science and education, 1, 19-28. Odessa.

Oleksiy Chebykin,
Doctor of Psychology, academician of the National
Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine,
The State institution “South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky”,
26, Staroportofrankivska St., Odessa, Ukraine


EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, ITS COGNITIVE AND MENTAL SIGNS AND FUNCTIONS


SUMMARY:

An attempt has been made in this paper to single out the cognitive and mental signs of emotional intelligence and their functions in this process. It has been shown that a significant part of specialists, despite the declarative correspondence of this phenomenon to the sphere of emotions and intelligence, analyzes the social intelligence as the subject of its study and its communicative signs, emotional maturity and its components, self-regulation, empathy, expressiveness of emotions, etc. It can be assumed that in this case, the signs of emotional intelligence are replaced by those that relate to the subject of the study of other psychological phenomena. It should be also agreed that all mental phenomena are closely related, especially since emotions are actually integrated into every process. But when the emotional intelligence is chosen as a subject of study, then this should refer to those signs which should be more reflected certain specific features of emotions in the intelligence. It has been proposed to consider emotional intelligence as a psychological property of individual, characterized by the manifestation of complex as though integrated, emotionalcognitive and mental features, due to which it achieves its goal in certain tasks/problems solving in different activities. It can be argued that emotions are more integrated with cognitive activity in emotional intelligence, and intelligence – with mental activity. That is, the features of the functioning of basic (simple) emotions in higher cognitive, integrated with mental activity are probably what can characterize the psychological essence of the content of emotional intelligence. Such higher emotional and cognitive features that accompany this process include surprise, curiosity, inquisitiveness, interest, enthusiasm, inspiration, guess, disappointment, doubt, insight experience, eureka, and others. The manifestation of these signs may be accompanied by certain functions at the level of comfort emotional coloring of the problem-solving process, emotional guidance on how to solve the problem, emotional activation in the form of strengthening or weakening the manifestation of this process, emotional regulation as dynamics of change of movement of the signs in the problemsolving process. A complex of three methods has been created: investigation of signs of emotional intelligence; study of the manifestation of simple emotions in the content of higher emotions attributed to the signs of emotional intelligence; study of the selected functions of signs of emotional intelligence. It has been shown that there is a certain tendency in the manifestation of signs of emotional intelligence, and its integral components of simple emotions in the problem-solving process. It has been revealed that the emotionally positive orientation of the content of such signs of emotional intelligence as curiosity, insight experience, eureka, their connection with joy and comfort functions of emotional guidance, emotional activation and regulation, form the first complex of emotional intelligence. The second complex is formed on the basis of such signs of emotional intelligence as inquisitiveness, guess and doubt. The third one includes curiosity, enthusiasm and disappointment. These complexes can be those specific determinants of the manifestation of emotional intelligence, as well as the psychological characteristics of its typical manifestations in humans.


KEYWORDS:

 emotions, intelligence, cognitive and mental signs, functions, complexes, signs of emotional intelligence.


FULL TEXT:

 


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