Rashid Jabbarov. Factors Affecting the Development of Self-Realization Among Students of Different Professions.

(2017) Science and education, 9, 75-87. Odessa.


Rashid Jabbarov,
PhD in Psychology, associate professor,
Department of Social and Pedagogical Psychology,
Baku State University,
Z. Khalilov-38, Az 1148, Azerbaijan, Baku
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



In this research work, the relationship between self-realization of students of different specializations, educational level, gender and also, socio-economic status (high or low) in terms of their academic achievement is investigated. Unlike female students, there is a positive significant correlation between the level of male students’ self-realization and their academic achievement (p<0.05, r=-0.154*). There are also some significant correlations between their motivation of being well-educated professionals and self-perception (r=0.34**, on the level of p<0.001), cognitive demands (r=0.35**, on the level of p<0.001), self-assessment (r=0.36**, on the level of 0.001), creativity (r=0.24**, on the level of p<0.001), behavioural flexibility (r=0.22*, p<0.05). It means that the correlation between the students’ selfrealization and level of professionalism is bilateral. The student who has got high self-realization level considers himself/herself an independent one, is more interested in using creative methods in education and is motivated by positive dynamics of academic achievements. On the contrary, the students having low self-realization level tend to be governed, as a rule they have negative worldview and appreciate others.


 student, self-realization, self-esteem, academic achievement, professional counseling.




1. Adler, A. (1997). Ponyat prirodu cheloveka [Understanding human nature]. Saint Petersbirg. Akademicheskiy proekt [in Russian]. 
2. Vahromov, E. E. (2001). Psihologicheskie kontseptsii razvitiya cheloveka: teoriya samoaktualizatsii [Psychological conceptions of human development: theory of self-actualization]. Moscow: Mezhdunarodnaya pedagogicheskaya akademiya [in Russian]. 
3. Galazhinskiy, E.V. (2002). Sistemnaya determinatsiya samorealizatsii lichnosti [System determination of personal self-realization]. Tomsk: Tomskogo Universiteta [in Russian]. 
4. Gershunskiy, B.S. (2003). Kontseptsiya samorealizatsii lichnosti v sisteme obosnovaniya tsennostey i tseley obrazovanie [Self-realization concept in the system of substantiation of values and aims of education]. Pedagogika – Pedagogy, 10, 6-11 [in Russian]. 
5. Ishmuhametov, R. R. (2010). Problemy i samorealizatsiya lichnosti [Problems and personal selfrealization]. Moscow: Krasand [in Russian].
6. Korostyileva, L.A.(2005). Psihologiya samorelizatsii lichnosti: zatrudnenie v professionalnyiy sfere [Personal self-realization psychology: challenges in professional field]. Saint Petersburg: Rech [in Russian].
7. Maslou, A. (1982). Samoaktualizatsiya [Selfactualization]. Moscow: Unita Press [in Russian].
8. Fromm, E.(1998). Begstvo ot svobody, Chelovek dlya sebya [Release from freedom, one for oneself]. Minsk: Popurris. [in Russian]. 
9. Horni K. (2002). Samoanaliz. Psihologiya zhenshiny [Self-analysis. Female psychology]. Saint Petersburg: Piter [in Russian]. 
10. Yaschenko, E. F. (2006). Osobennosti samoaktualizatsii studentov s raznoy professionalnoy napravlennostyu [Peculiarities of self-actualization of students with different professional focus]. Psihologicheskiy zhurnal – Psychological journal, 27(3), 31-41 [in Russian].
11. Adler, A. (1956). The individual psychology of Alfred Adler. A systematic presentation in selection of his writings. H. L. Ansbacher, R. R. Ansbacher (Ed.). NewYork: Basic Books. 
12. Alpay, E. (2003). Self-Concept and Self-Esteem. Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Prince Consort Road, London. SW7 2BY 
13. Bauer, J.J.,& McAdams, D.P. (2004). Growth goals, maturity, and well-being. Devel. Psychol., 40, 114- 127. 
14. Britz, J,. & Pappas, E. (2010). Sources and outlets of stress among university students: Correlations between stress and unhealthy habits. Undergraduate Research J. for the Human Sciences., 9 (1), 32-47. 
15. Chandola, T., Britton, A., & Brunner, E (2007) Work stress and coronary heart disease: what are the mechanisms? European Heart Journal, 29(5), 640-648.
16. Cohen, S., Doyle, W., & Alper, C. (2009). Sleep Habits and Susceptibility to the Common Cold. Archives of Internal Medicine; 169(1), 62-67. 
17. Cares, R. C. and Blackburn, R. T. (1978). Faculty self-actualization: Factors affecting career success. Research in Higher Education, 9, 123-136. Retrieved from: http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/43634 
18. Taylor, E.A. (1896). Self-Realization.-A Criticism. International Journal of Ethics, 6, 356-371. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2375452 . 
19. . Uddin Ali Khan, M., Rehman, N.& Javed, S. (2012). Relationship between Faculty’s Self Actualization and Student’s Faculty Evaluation. A Case-study, Karaci, 2(2), 171-195. 
20. Friedlander, L., Shupak, N., & Cribbie, R. (2007). Social Support, Self-Esteem, and Stress as Predictors of Adjustment to University among First-Year Undergraduates. Journal of College Student Development , 48(3), 259-274. 
21. Von Ah, D., Ebert, S., & Ngamvitroj, A(2004). Predictors of health behaviors in college students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 48(D), 463-474.




©2020 Університет Ушинського. Всі права захищені, мабуть.