Nataliia Sydorova, Veronika Dumanska, Yuliia Dotsenko. Ways of Improving The Efficiency of Teaching Descriptive Geometry.

(2017) Science and education, 6, 161-166. Odessa.


DOI:

Nataliia Sydorova,
PhD (Candidate of Technical Sciences), associate professor,
Veronika Dumanska,
PhD (Candidate of Technical Sciences),
Yuliia Dotsenko,
PhD (Candidate of Technical Sciences),
Department of Descriptive Geometry and Engineering Graphics,
Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture,
4, Didrikhsona Str., Odessa, Ukraine,


WAYS OF IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF TEACHING DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETRY


SUMMARY:

The low level of students’ professional competence puts forward new requirements to the teaching methods. The conditions of content and quality of teaching Descriptive Geometry demand to improve the forms and methods of students’ individual work organization. Besides, Ukrainian engineering universities face a problem of lack of students’ technical drawing skills which is caused by the removal of this subject from school curricula. As a result, a university teacher has to spend a lot of time (allocated for teaching a certain discipline) teaching drawing to students. It is recommended to add Technical Drawing for senior school students who are going to enter engineering higher educational institutions at least as extracurricular activities to make them more prepared for university education in the field. The paper aims to present new methods of teaching Descriptive Geometry to university students majoring in Architecture, and check their efficiency for the development of the correspondent skills. In order to increase the quality of teaching “Descriptive Geometry” and “Engineering Drawing” to university students there have been created and produced special showcases. A showcase aimed at demonstrating the models’ shades is suggested for teaching the topic “Shades”, and a showcase “Mirror room” can be used to teach the topic “Reflection” to students. In order to check the efficiency of the method, the showcases were implemented into the educational process of Odessa State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture. The students who took part in the survey were divided into control and experimental groups. The control group was taught according to traditional methods and the experimental one was taught using the showcases. The research outcomes demonstrate the effectiveness of the developed techniques and prove the research hypothesis which implies that the application of the showcases will help students majoring in “Architecture and Engineering” acquire the material and master necessary skills more efficiently and faster. It has been concluded that the developed techniques contribute to better comprehension of topics by students, which, in turn, encourages them to study with pleasure.


KEYWORDS:

graphic training, technical drawing, teaching methods, efficiency and quality of training, descriptive geometry, textbooks, academic performance, showcase.


FULL TEXT:

 


REFERENCES:

1. Gordon, V. O., Sementcov-Ogievskiy, M. A. (1988). Kurs nachertatelnoy geometrii [Descriptive geometry course]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola [in Russian].
2. Dotcenko, Yu.V., Sydorova, N.V. (2017). Pro pіdvyschennia hrafіchnoi pіdhotovky studentіv arhіtektorіv [Revisiting the issue of graphic training of students-architectures]. Odessa: ODABA [in Ukrainian].
3. Dumanskaya, V.V., Marchenko, V.S., Yavorskaya, N.M. (2014). Issledovanie sobstvennih i padayuschih tenei studentami napravleniya «Arhitektura» [Study of eigenshadows and drop shadows by students majoring in “Architecture”]. Odessa: ODABA [in Russian].
4. Dumanskaya, V.V., Marchenko, V.S., Yavorskaya, N.M. (2015). Izuchenie otrazheniya gruppy tel v perspektive studentami napravleniya «ARHITEKTURA» [Study the reflection of a group of bodies in perspective by students majoring in “Architecture”]. Odessa: ODABA [in Russian].
5. Dotcenko, Yu.V., Sydorova, N.V. (2016). Pro rіven hrafіchnoi pіdhotovky ta pіdvyschennia yakostі іndivіdualnoі roboty studentіv scho zakіnchyly tehnіkum [Revisiting the issue of graphic training and increasing the quality of individual work of students after graduating from vocational schools]. Odessa: ODABA [in Ukrainian].

         

       
   
   
         

 

©2020 Університет Ушинського. Всі права захищені, мабуть.