Dmytriieva S. M., Butuzova L. P. Psychological Characteristics of Senior School Students’ Self-Appraisal and the Level of Aspiration.

(2016) Science and education, 5, 166-172. Odessa.

Svitlana Dmitrieva,
PhD (Candidate of Psychological Sciences),
associate professor, Head of the Department of General,
Developmental and Educational Psychology,
Larysa Butuzova,
PhD (Candidate of Psychological Sciences),
associate professor, Head of the Department of General,
Developmental and Educational Psychology,
Zhytomyr State University named after Ivan Franko,
40, Velyka Berdychivska Str., Zhytomyr, Ukraine



PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SENIOR SCHOOL
STUDENTS’ SELF-APPRAISAL AND THE LEVEL OF ASPIRATION


SUMMARY:

The article is aimed at summarising the data of the empirical research of age peculiarities of self-esteem and the level of aspiration of senior school students. The following methods and techniques were used: “The scale of selfesteem and level of aspiration” by T. V. Dembo-S. Ya. Rubinshtein (modification by A. M. Prikhozhan); method of the quantitative evaluation of self-esteem (by S. A. Budassi); “Motor test” by Schwarzlander. The experiment involved 97 students of 10-11 grades of secondary school (aged from 15 to 17 years; 47 boys and 50 girls). The comparative analysis of the obtained results according to the lower and upper boundaries of early adolescence has shown that in the process of growing young people’s growing-up self-esteem becomes more adequate and differentiated. The study of dynamic characteristics of the level of the respondents’ aspiration has shown its decrease with age, so the number of students with the adequate level of aspiration is predominant. The correlation analysis of the results of the carried out empirical research has proved the existence of close statistically significant relationship between young people’s selfesteem and their level of aspiration, which confirms their functional relationship. The predominance of the inadequate self-esteem and the level of aspiration in some respondents proves the necessity of creating a special correctional and development work, based on the relationship of self-esteem, level of aspiration and preparedness of senior school students for the personal and professional self-determination in order to activate the mechanisms of personality’s selfdevelopment.


KEYWORDS:

self-consciousness, self-image, self-esteem, level of aspiration, affect of inadequacy, early adolescence..


FULL TEXT:


REFERENCES:

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4. Mednikova, H. I. (2002) Samootsinka ta riven domahan osobystosti yak dynamichna systema [Selfesteem and level of aspiration of a personality as a dynamic system]. Extended abstract of candidate thesis. Odesa: ONU im.I.I. Mechnikova [in Ukrainian].

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